Human beings have practised free diving ever since they first evolved more than 250,000 years ago. There are currently numerous respected evolutionary theories about HOMO AQUATICUS which suggest that free diving was necessary for humans during their long evolution. The resources present in lakes and along coasts would have provided a host of nutrients which were essential for the development of the gradually-evolving, complex central nervous system.
Even today, many populations living in Southeast Asia still follow this lifestyle, such as the Sama and the Bajau, who are known as the "Sea Nomads". Very recent scientific studies have demonstrated that gene selection takes place, thus making these populations physiologically adapted to free diving, even to depths of up to 70m. Today, free diving is a high-level recreational and competitive sport covering deep diving, dynamic apnoea in a swimming pool and underwater fishing, with some athletes able to pass the 100 m barrier in the CWF and CWNF disciplines. In some cases, helped by weighted sleds, they even break the 200 m barrier.
The physiology of apnoea is very complex. Science has only recently started to study the physiological and organic modifications (i.e. respiratory restrictions) the body is subjected to during deep diving using a reliable, statistically accurate method. The results obtained are helping to uncover new ways to treat numerous disorders of the cardiovascular system and degenerative nerve diseases in human beings, thus providing a scientific laboratory for the development of new therapies.
However, most of these articles are the result of work carried out by research groups in various parts of the world, and it is not yet possible to get a clear idea of what science has been able to prove as regards the adaptations and biochemical consequences of free diving. AQUA, a Vitaminity brand, has spent the last 3 years searching the PUBMED database for all scientific articles referring to studies on free diving, finding 493 articles in total. Each article has been studied by molecular biologists in order to understand what effects the results obtained might have on performance and what factors might be influencing the particular hypothesis being tested. With the results to hand, a team of biologists began working on compounds found in nature and on how they might improve free diving performance and safety.
Taking into account all the various steps involved in diving in apnoea, dynamic apnoea and underwater fishing (aerial phase, hypoxic dynamic phase, anaerobic ascent phase, post-immersion phase), we cross-checked the results of the scientific articles. Then, by correlating the adaptive physiological responses with the natural responses produced by the compounds chosen, we created the supplements. In time, we constructed a chemical profile of the various natural compounds whose synergistic action could aid every aspect of free diving.
The first line of supplements for apnoea and underwater fishing, AQUA, was thus created. The aim was to devise products specific to these disciplines in order to improve athletes' performance and ensure greater safety due to lower energy expenditure. In addition, we aimed to control the oxidising and degenerative effects of the hypoxic state this activity generates over the long term, an aspect often overlooked in the past.
Below, we present the new Deep Dive One, Deep Dive Two and Recovery Dive together with a technical/scientific description of their constituents and their synergistic action.